Overview of the latest methods of diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer
There are many new methods of breast cancer diagnosis and treatment that are being developed and tested around the world. The following are some of the latest methods available:
- 3D mammography: This method allows doctors to see the breasts in three planes and provides a more accurate image than traditional two-dimensional mammography. This allows doctors to detect cancer more easily and also reduces the number of false positives.
- Breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): A breast MRI allows doctors to get a very detailed image of the breast using a strong magnetic field. This method is often used to diagnose and monitor breast cancer in high-risk patients.
- Genetic tests: Genetic tests can identify genetic mutations that may increase the risk of breast cancer. This information can be used to determine whether patients should undergo regular check-ups or undergo preventive surgery.
- Surgical treatment: There are several new surgical techniques for treating breast cancer, including lumpectomy (partial breast removal) and mastectomy with immediate breast reconstruction. These techniques allow patients to preserve as much breast tissue as possible and minimize the aesthetic effects of the treatment.
- Targeted therapy: Targeted therapy uses drugs that target cancer cells while minimizing damage to healthy cells. These drugs may be used as part of breast cancer treatment in combination with other treatments such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
- Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy is a new treatment method that stimulates the patient's immune system to fight cancer cells. This method can be effective in some types of breast cancer and can be used as part of combination therapy.
It is important to remember that every patient and every case of breast cancer is unique.